Acne typically appears when a child reaches adolescence or teenage years, but it can occur at any age. Extra hormones can cause the oil glands (sebaceous glands) to enlarge and build up bacteria, dead skin cells, and dirt, which clog the pores. The bacteria within the pores can cause infections and inflame the follicles, resulting in pimples. A blocked pore is called a comedone, also referred to as whiteheads and blackheads. If the inflammation is deep within the tissue, it may form a cyst. Cysts can be very painful and are the most common cause of permanent scarring that can occur with acne.
Some of the main causes of acne are hormonal changes, like those caused by adolescence or those experienced by women during hormonal upheavals (monthly cycles, pregnancy, etc.), medication side effects, stress, cosmetics and hair products, and infrequent washing.
There are several treatment options available for acne. Treatments can range from medicated soaps or creams to oral treatments.
Accutane, or Isotretinoin, is an oral medication used to treat moderate to severe nodulocystic acne. It is a derivative of Vitamin A and is the Gold Standard in treating cystic acne. It has become a mainstay in the treatment of acne and is one of the most effective treatments available. A typical treatment course lasts 4-6 months. Clear Choice Dermatology is well-versed and experienced in providing safe and effective treatment with Isotretinoin.