Dandruff is a common skin condition that affects the scalp. It is characterized by the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp in the form of white or yellowish flakes. Dandruff is often associated with itching and can be both a dermatological and cosmetic concern.

Key features of dandruff include:

  1. Scalp Flakes: The primary symptom of dandruff is the presence of flakes on the scalp, hair, and sometimes on clothing. These flakes are often more noticeable when they fall onto dark clothing.
  2. Itching: Dandruff can cause itching and irritation of the scalp. The itching can vary in intensity and may become more severe if the condition worsens or if the scalp is irritated.
  3. Oily or Dry Scalp: Dandruff can be associated with either an oily or dry scalp, depending on the underlying cause. For example, "oily dandruff" may be linked to the overproduction of sebum (skin oil), while "dry dandruff" can result from dry skin.
  4. Recurrence: Dandruff can be a chronic or recurrent condition, with symptoms coming and going over time. Some people may experience seasonal variations in dandruff severity.

The exact cause of dandruff is not fully understood, but several factors can contribute to its development, including:

  1. Fungal Overgrowth: An overgrowth of this fungus can lead to skin irritation and the shedding of dead skin cells.
  2. Sebum Production: Excessive oil (sebum) production by the sebaceous glands on the scalp can contribute to dandruff, especially in cases of oily dandruff.
  3. Sensitivity to Hair Care Products: Certain hair care products, such as shampoos or conditioners, may contain ingredients that irritate the scalp and contribute to dandruff.

Dandruff is a common and manageable condition. If over-the-counter treatments don't provide relief, or if dandruff is severe or persistent, it's advisable to consult a dermatologist for a more targeted treatment plan and to rule out any other underlying skin conditions that may be causing similar symptoms.

If you have questions about dandruff, contact us or schedule an appointment online